Dostoyevsky Biography

Fyodor Dostoyevsky

Life:
(1821-1881)
Dostoyevsky was born on October 30, 1821 in Moscow, Russia. The second of seven children.
He was arrested on the 23rd of April, 1849 with others for being part of a group called the Petrashevsky Circle, Dostoyevsky and the others were later sentenced to death on November 16th, 1849.  His sentence changed to imprisonment in Siberia. Where he spent four years doing hard labor and four years as a soldier in Semipalatinsk.
He married twice. In 1857 Dostoevsky married Maria Isaev, a 29-year old widow and after she died in 1864. In 1867 he remarried to Anna Snitkin, a 22-year old stenographer.
He wrote 32 books in his lifetime.
Dostoyevsky died in St. Petersburg on February 9, 1881. He was buried in Aleksandr Nevsky monastery in St. Petersburg. Forty thousand people attended his funeral.

Education:
He was taught at home early by his parents and at a private school.
Shortly after his mother passed away, Dostoyevsky and his brother were sent to an Army Engineering Institute in St. Petersburg from 1837 to 1843.
He was made lieutenant in 1842 and in 1843 he left the Engineering Academy.

Career:
In the same year he left the Engineering Academy, he completed a Russian translation of a novel, which got him little attention. He then decided to start writing his own fiction stories.
He’s known as a Russian novelist and short-story writer.
His first novel was Poor Folk, appearing in 1846. After this novel being published in book form, at age 24 Dostoyevsky became a literary celebrity.

Family:
His father was a retired military surgeon that served as a doctor at the Mariinsky Hospital for the Poor in Moscow.
His mother died in 1837 of tuberculosis, when he was only 16.
Two years later, in 1839, his father died probably of natural causes, but there were strong rumors that he was murdered by his own serfs.

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